UNESCO World Heritage Sites: San Pedro de la Roca and Santiago de Cuba
Nine astonishing cultural and natural sites are inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in Cuba. In some of the previous articles I have already presented you several sites. The following article will include the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of San Pedro de la Roca and Santiago de Cuba. The first one is actually a famous fortification while Santiago de Cuba is a popular city. The site of these two prestigious tourist destinations also includes the nearby Baconao Park. It is an amazing park which is also very attractive for tourists. If you would like to find out more about these three astonishing sites, read the following article.
San Pedro de la Roca
The huge fort is a very popular fortification in Cuba. It can be found in the port of Santiago de Cuba. The fort was built to defend the city against pirates and its design was based on Renaissance and Italian architecture. Designed in 1637, the amazing fortress was completed in 1700. Santiago de Cuba was attacked in 1662 during which some parts of the fortress were partly destroyed. The damage was later repaired. Unfortunately, several earthquakes (from 1675 to 1692) also caused damages and the building needed reconstruction. The actual fortress’ look results from the 1960’s restoration. Together with the city of Santiago de Cuba, it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in 1997. The San Pedro de la Roca Fort is considered one of the best-preserved fortifications in the Caribbean region. It is a major visitor attraction of Santiago de Cuba and one of its most representative landmarks.
Santiago de Cuba
The second largest city of the country is the fantastic Santiago de Cuba. It plays an important role as a sea port and it also used to play a significant role in the country’s history. Together with the previously presented fortress, the San Pedro de la Roca, it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in 1997. The nearby Baconao Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Biosphere Reserve since 1987.
The astonishing World Heritage Biosphere Reserve, the Baconao Park is a fantastic visitor attraction. Situated only about 20 km from Santiago de Cuba, the reserve is spectacular. Besides the fact of being a protected area, there are numerous attractions in the park. These include the following: the Great Rock, the botanical garden, the Prehistoric Valley, the Baconao Lagoon, the Taino village reconstruction, the farm and so on. Visiting any of the previously presented sights is surely a memorable experience, but visiting all of them is absolutely unique.