Top 5 landmarks of Cuba
Every country has its own landmark or landmarks. These can be the symbols of the states which help you identify the respective country very easily. Just like the Eiffel Tower is France’s best-known symbol or the Tower Bridge is England’s famous landmark, Cuba also has several sites which distinguish the country from other states. In the following, there will be presented the top 5 landmarks of Cuba. Cuba is a spectacular and very attractive country. There are dozens of tourist destinations you should spend your holiday at. With gorgeous landscapes, cultural attractions such as historic towns with colonial architecture, Cuba is one of the best choices for holidaymakers. The landmarks of the country are also very famous and well-known. If you spend your vacation in Cuba, you can not miss to visit at least one of them.
Cathedral of Havana
Located in Old Havana, this spectacular cathedral is perhaps Cuba’s most famous cathedral. Its full name is Catedral de la Virgen María de la Concepción Inmaculada de La Habana (Cathedral of The Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception) and it is a Roman Catholic cathedral. The construction of it was started by the Jesuits in 1748 and finished by the city in 1777. The building is said to be the only example of a Baroque facade that was designed with asymmetrical features, as one of its two towers is wider than the other. This feature was conceived to allow the water that tended to accumulate on the plaza where the cathedral is located, to flow through the streets.
José Martí Birthplace
For those who love history and would like to find out what makes Cubans proud, the Museo Jose Marti is a must see landmark of the country. It is situated in the city of Havana. The house where the well-known Cuban author and national hero was born, was built in the 19th century. It is today the Museo Jose Marti which is devoted to the national hero and provides interesting exhibits relating to his life and works. Visitors can also admire the original furniture and some rare editions of the writer’s works. Jose Marti became a national hero dying in the fight against the Spanish. The museum can be visited every day, except Sunday and Monday, from 9:00 to 17:00. (July 2012)
El Floridita is the name of a bar which was made famous by the novels of Ernest Hemingway, the well-known American author and journalist. It is located in Old Havana. Established in 1820 as “La Piña de Plata” (The Silver Pineapple), then in 1898 being renamed “La Florida”, the place was finally named “La Floridita” by its customers. The restaurant was Hemingway’s favorite place as it is described in Norberto Fuentes’ book Hemingway in Cuba. Thus, it is not surprising that a bust in his honor was placed over his favorite stool. The restaurant has an excellent cuisine and customers love the famous Daiquiri cocktail.
Moncada Army Barracks
It is the site of Fidel Castro‘s first attack on the dictator, Fulgencio Batista. The Moncada Barracks was a military barracks which can be found in Santiago de Cuba. It was named after General Guillermón Moncada, a hero of the Cuban War of Independence. On the 26th of July 1953, the barracks was the site of an armed attack by a small group of revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro, which is today widely accepted as the beginning of the Cuban Revolution. After the revolution, the barracks was converted into a school. Later, in 1978 Castro ordered the rebuilding of the perimeter walls and converted half of the building into the 26th of July Historical Museum.
The fortress guards the entrance to Havana Bay, being an important attraction of the city. It is also named “Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro“. It was designed by Juan Bautista Antonelli, an Italian engineer and was built in 1589. At that time Cuba was under the control of Spain. The word “morro” in Spanish means rock which is easily visible from the sea, serving as a landmark. Built to prevent the attacks on the bay, the fortress protected the harbor for many years.