The most interesting historical sites in Cuba

Che Guevara Mausoleum, photo by hellosputnik on Flickr

Cuba’s history has been one of revolutions, dictatorships and hostility towards and from other countries, but one thing that could never be said about it is that Cuban history was boring. Even up until a few decades ago, interesting things have been happening in Cuba, and while not all of it was pleasant for Cuba people, for a historian they make for a great read. Even the shortest trip to Cuba reveal countless historical sights that commemorate the most important historical events in the country. If you are interested in history, or if you simply want to visit some fascinating sights, then you should definitely check out some of the most interesting historical sites in Cuba.

Che Guevara Mausoleum, Santa Clara

Ernesto Che Guevara is probably the most famous defunct historical figure in Cuban history. The mausoleum houses Guevara’s remains, which was exhumed in Bolivia in 1997 and subsequently returned to Cuba with full military honors. The mausoleum also has a very interesting museum dedicated to the revolutionary’s life. Santa Clara was the site of the last battle of the Cuban Revolution, which is why it was chosen as the final resting place of Che Guevara. The monument has an eternal flame in Che’s honor, lit by Fidel Castro himself.

Trinidad

Trinidad, photo by Stephen Colebourne

It’s useless to name only a few monuments or museums in Trinidad as historical attractions, because the whole town is a huge historical site. Trinidad is possibly the best preserved colonial town in the Caribbean, and it was listed as a Unesco World Heritage Site over two decades ago. Trinidad has many buildings dating back to the times of Spanish colonists, beautiful old churches and several very interesting museums about Cuba’s history.

Museo El Chorro de Maíta, Guardalavaca

If you are interested in the history and culture of the indigenous people who lived in Cuba before the colonists arrive, you should definitely visit El Chorro de Maita museum in the small town of Guardalavaca, one of the most important Taino archaeological sites in the country. The museum site is a burial ground where over 100 people were buried in the 15th and 16th centuries, and the museum displays all sorts of mundane and funeral objects found at the gravesite.

Morro Castle, Havana

Morro Castle, photo by Justin Otto

The Morro fortress was built in the 16th century to protect the bay of Havana from any potential attackers, and today it is one of the most interesting historical sites in Cuba. The fortress is perched in the harbor, opposite Old Havana, which affords some lovely views of the old part of the capital. Morro Castle, along with the more recent La Cabaña fortress are part of a historical park. There are several interesting museums in the park, as well as a pretty lighthouse.

Colon Cemetery, Havana

Colon Cemetery in Havana is probably one of the most lavish final resting places one could wish for. This 19th century cemetery is the final home of some of the most important figures in the city’s history, and their remains are stored in some stunning, elaborately decorated mausoleums, chapels and memorials.

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