The most attractive rural and agricultural sites in Cuba

The famous tower in Valle de los Ingenios

The famous tower in Valle de los Ingenios, photo by Vibragiel/flickr

Located in the Caribbean Sea, the island state of Cuba has several attractive towns and villages. In the rural sites, the land is mainly farmed using the traditional method, with other words with oxen and horses. The most famous crops in Cuba are the sugar cane, the tobacco and the coffee. UNESCO declared three sites of these (one each for tobacco, sugar and coffee) as World Heritage sites due to the preservation of the traditional farming methods and the impressive history of the agriculture. To help you make your final decision on your holiday destination, in this article there will be presented some of the most popular rural and agricultural sites of Cuba.

Valle de los Ingienos


Trinidad is considered as a Cultural Heritage of the Humanity and also one of the most visited Cuban villages by tourists. Trinidad is located in the province of Sancti Spíritus, in central Cuba. Trinidad is situated in one of the most interesting sights of the country, in the Valley of the Sugar Mills (Valle de los Ingenios), which has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. Located in the valley, the Manaca Iznaga estate also has a popular attraction, its tower. If you would like to visit the tower, you can take the Baldwin Locomotive tourist ride from Trinidad to the estate.

The famous tower in Valle de los Ingenios

The famous tower in Valle de los Ingenios, photo by Vibragiel/flickr


The Pinar del Río Province


Though the provincial capital, the town of Pinar del Río has some fine cultural and historical attractions (such as the Cathedral of San Rosendo), the most popular attractions of the area are located in rural regions. One of the most popular destinations is the Viñales Valley which is located in the Sierra de los Organos, north of the town of Viñales. It is a World Heritage Site due to its natural beauty and the traditional agricultural methods which are used in the cultivation of tobacco and other crops. Another attraction of the province is the small village of Las Terrazas which is surrounded by gorgeous mountains. Pinar del Río is also considered one of Cuba’s most popular diving destination. There are about 30 diving sites here.

Traditional farming in Vinales Valley

Traditional farming in Vinales Valley, photo by Romtomtom/flickr


Sierra Maestra


Sierra Maestra is a south-eastern mountain range in Cuba. It used to be one of the most important coffee plantation regions of Cuba. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for the remains of these coffee plantations which were considered “unique evidence of a pioneer form of agriculture in a difficult terrain”. One of the area’s attractions is a two-story stone mansion built in the style of a rural French manor house. Today it houses a museum which contains exhibitions of objects related to Cuba’s early coffee industry. Outside the museum visitors can find three platforms where coffee beans were dried by the slaves during the 19th century.

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