Cuba’s natural World Heritage Sites
Cuba is a spectacular Caribbean country which is a major tourist destination. There are dozens of sites which make this country so attractive for visitors. Cuba is home to nine sites which were inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. In the following article I will present you Cuba’s natural World Heritage Sites which are with no doubt must-see attractions of the country. These amazing sites are the following: Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, the Viñales Valley, the Valle de los Ingenios (Valley of the Sugar Mills) and the Desembarco del Granma National Park. If you are a nature-lover, you can not miss to visit at least one or two of these.
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
The spectacular national park has been a World Heritage Site since 2001. The Alejandro de Humboldt National Park lies on the surfaces of two provinces: Guantánamo and Holguín. The park was named after a German scientist who arrived to Cuba in 1800. The amazing national park is famous for its landform diversity, size and the large number of the endemic fauna and flora, including the Cuban Solenodon, hummingbirds, lizards, snails and different species of parrots. Besides, it is considered the country’s most humid place. Today, the park is a major visitor attraction, being very attractive for those who love nature.
As one of the most popular natural sites in Cuba, the Viñales Valley was inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in 1999 due to its amazing natural beauty, the traditions practiced in the valley and its astonishing vernacular architecture. The valley is a protected area, being a national park of Cuba and it is home to numerous endemic animals and plants, including the Cuban Trogon, the Bee Hummingbird, the Mountain Palm and so on. The site is extremely popular among tourists who can practice rock climbing and hiking in the region. They can also visit the highlights of the valley including tobacco plantations and beautiful caves.
Valle de los Ingenios (Valley of the Sugar Mills)
Another valley inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites (in 1988) is the Valley of the Sugar Mills (Valle de los Ingenios). The site is another popular tourist destination which is famous for the numerous sugar mills which still stand in the valley. These are surrounded by sugar cane plantations which are also attractive for visitors, just like the Manaca Iznaga Estate and its tower.
Desembarco del Granma National Park
This site is actually a marine park situated in the southernmost part of the country. The Desembarco del Granma National Park has been a World Heritage Site since 1999 due to its amazing marine terraces and sea cliffs. It is with no doubt a must-see visitor attraction of Cuba.